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DAY 3GLOBSEC 2019
[ June 8, 2019 by Team Globsec 0 Comments ]

LIVE FEED: DAY 3

  • Opening DAY 3
  • Explosive Data: Lifeblood of Our Times

    Data has become intrinsic to everything that we do, and this trend will only strengthen. In keeping with this, there may be a need for a stronger code of ethics relating to data. Yet there is also an issue of data literacy, which can only improve with the help of both the public sector and private sector.

    “There’s great unevenness in how we protect and respond to data breaches.”
    – Michael Chertoff

  • Leading Europe: Challenges and Expectations

    The V4 is growing its political and economic power. It calls for strong and united Europe speaking with one voice mainly in the areas of research, digitalisation, single market and investment.

  • GLOBSEC Chat: American Leadership Going at It Alone 

    Ambassador Ron Johnson argued that contrary to popular opinion, from his perspective transatlantic relations remained strong. He argued that the US wants a zero-tariff world but only on the basis of reciprocity and fairness. In the China context, he believed that cyber theft of intellectual property was a huge issue of concern. 

    “NATO is a defensive alliance; it is not meant to go to the offense .” – Hon. Ron Johnson 
    “We need to call China out on the cyber theft. That is the first line of defence.” – Hon. Ron Johnson 

  • Vision for Europe

    Current crisis the world is going through has a specific taste for the EU, not only because of Brexit, but also because its unclear direction when it comes to two-track EU, democratic backsliding of the V4, demographic decline, future enlargement of Western Balkan and the East-West divide. This divide should be bridged with concrete actions and clear vision, where the Central Europe should not be forgotten. It is important to get out of the “Brussels bubble” and recognize the importance of the regions and people, who don’t see the benefits of the EU membership. The EU is like a family, there are differences, but that does not mean there are no bounds between its members. In this respect, it is also crucial to reconsider the decision-making process to make the EU a global player and prevent it is being played by others.

    We need create positive discrimination – countries of periphery not necessary only central Europe but Balkan as well can begin to build up their own excellence to participate in common different projects. – Amb. Jakub Wisniewski

    The  disruption of sovereignty led to a process which we call Brexit. – Amb. Jakub Wisniewski

  • Values and Interests: The Realities of Transatlantic Partnership

    Over the course of one presidency, the transatlantic relationship has gone from constructive and cooperative to reserved and strained, but panelists agree that these differences are likely superficial and will not change the long term relationship between the US and Europe.

    Underpinning the rhetoric at the top is a strong and consistent relationship. – Baroness Catherine Ashton 

    America got rich because we understood that we will prosper only if everyone else prospers at the same time. It is simply not true thtat the EU was created as a US competitor, we wanted them to exist so we would not have to fight wars in Europe again and so it would make us rich. – Amb Daniel Fried 

    The US needs an ally in reforming the WTO, and so the US will collaborate with the EU in the end out of necessity. – Amb Jakub Wisniewski 

  • Foreign Election Interference: Creating or Filling in the Cracks?

    Election interference is part of a broader ongoing effort by authoritarian regimes to undermine democracy. This is primarily being done through information operations, most frequently seen today on social media platforms. A lack of regulation has allowed the spread of misinformation and disorganized method to counter it. The private sector cannot take full responsibilty for this, and regulation must be put into place by consulting all the relevant actors, to create a framework based on the protection of rights and the rule of law. Mechanisms for information sharing between not only countries but also intelligence communities and the public will be essential in the short term, while government must continue to emphasize the development of critical thinking skills in their education policy in order to build more resilience in their populations in the long term. 

    Accusation of regulating internet is undermining democratic views, what we need is open democracy.  – Marietje Schaake  

    We have to take all the measures to make sure to rebuilt the public trust, we cannot afford so much time in order to find out what is fake news or what is not. - Marietje Schaake  

    Policy will always be slower than technology development. - Lisa Past  

  • “CZ is not SK, government will not change because of people protesting at the streets. The legitimacy of the goverment comes from regular elections” – Andrej Babiš

  • End of DAY 3

DAY 2GLOBSEC 2019
[ June 7, 2019 by Team Globsec 0 Comments ]

LIVE FEED: DAY 2

  • Opening DAY 2
  • “I am so proud we have GLOBSEC in Bratislava.”

    -Matúš Vallo

  • EU’s New Political Landscape
    More fragmented political landscape in more uncertain world situates the EU in front of various challenges. Its internal division undermines its credibility outside, especially in the context of Enlargement and Neighbourhood policy. Unexpectedly, this division resulted in increased interest of the European citizens in European issues and attractiveness of topics such as climate change or digital revolution. That, however, should not prevent the EU to strengthen the role of communitarian institutions as well as the member states. The EU needs to stick with the principle of subsidiarity and its fundamental values, avoid nationalistic interpretations of the current issues and connect the discussion of leadership to the one of political and strategic agenda setting.

  • In politics, if your are not sitting at the table you are on the menù.

    – Matteo Pugliese

  • Belegrade-Pristina Dialogue: Getting to the Core

    Kosovo – Serbia dialogue is one the crucial points in the Euro-Atlantic integration process for both parties. The dialogue goes through a huge crisis, some would say it is a dead end, due the rejection of Serbia to allow Kosovo to become a member of Interpol and UNESCO and the subsequent reaction of Kosovo to increase the tariffs for Serbian goods. Both parties are, however, ready to resume the dialogue if it will be based on compromise and not tendential conditions. The core problems rests with the different position on Kosovo’s independence, while Kosovo and countries that recognized it consider Kosovo a sovereign territory, Serbia and countries not recognizing Kosovo consider it still part of Serbia. However, this issue does not have only a bilateral dimension, but also regional and European one and the EU has to take more responsibility for the future of the region and not to allow third parties to take the lead.

    “There can be no dialogue if we condition the process, like Serbia is doing.” – H. E. Milo Dukanovic

    “I think it is important that Europe recognize its huge responsibility in this.” – H. E. Milo Dukanovic

    “I believe that the agreement between Kosovo and Serbia can be reached this year.” – Thaci

    “To reach this agreement we need coordination between EU institutions and United States of America.” – Thaci

    “The world is split, half the world recognized Kosovo’s independence, and the other half have not.” – H.E. Aleksandar Vucic

    “It is very crucial for us reaching an agreement. I don’t want to represent this country that is suspect to the international community. Everyone is else is angels and saints and Serbs are devils.” – H.E. Aleksandar Vucic

    “We are a mediator not facilitator, this is between the two parties they need to decide where their landing filed will be.” – Angelina Eichhorst

  • GLOBSEC Talk: Winners and Losers of the US-China Trade War

    The trade war between the US and China is somewhat confusing and it is due to the fact that the origins and policy recommendations are largely misguided. The factors said to be driving the trade war were trade deficits, unfair foreign investment and technology transfer policies, but also changing international order more broadly. The first two are mere misperceptions whereas the last is increasingly the case.

     

  • Cyber Defence: Mutually Assured Protection?

    While private-public partnerships are key to enhancing cyber defence capability, training people to be more cyber aware is more important than investing in hardware or software. Financial constraints could be the main barrier to improving cyber defence.

  • GLOBSEC Talk: Winners and Losers of the US-China Trade War

    The trade war between the US and China is somewhat confusing and it is due to the fact that the origins and policy recommendations are largely misguided. The factors said to be driving the trade war were trade deficits, unfair foreign investment and technology transfer policies, but also changing international order more broadly. The first two are mere misperceptions whereas the last is increasingly the case.

  • Brexit and European Security

    Brexit and the negotiating process still pose a lot of questions. There is minimal chance the withdrawal agreement will be renegotiated. What can be renegotiated though, is the agreement on future relationship between the EU and the UK, especially in the area of security, defence and multilateral cooperation.

  • 5G: Geopolitics of the Network

    There are significant security and economic issues at stake in relation to the 5G network. The Chinese firm Huawei, a key player in the network’s development, will be a means for Beijing to increase its strategic power. The debate surrounding 5G’s rollout, and Huawei’s role in it, will intensify as state and non-state actors consider how states ought to behave. 

    Global Trade on Life Support

    The distress of global trade, seen today particularly in the tensions between the US and China, is a symptom of a rapidly changed world. There is a general consensus that trade wars or a cold war would trigger economic slowdown. The current global framework including the WTO is insufficient to address a host of new challenges, including e-business, the environment, sustainability, and subsidies, as well as more far-reaching advance of the technological revolution such as 5G and AI. The existing framework must be collaboratively revised.

    “In the name of security, insecurity was created.” – Jianping Zhang

     “We need a global system to start looking at questions like 5G, if there is a concern, let us put global standards around it. If we do not, the tensions only get worse” – Yukon Huang

    “The whole game is about who is going to set the rules and who is going to follow the rules for the next hundred years. There is a saying in politics, if you are not at the table, you will be on the menu.” – Gordon Bajnai

  • GLOBSEC Chat: NATO’s Readiness for Disrupted Security

    NATO’s objective is to create peace in perpetuity and in that regard, there are three components. Improving indications and warning, improving command and control, and finally improving mission command. NATO is in the early stages of embracing the cyber domain, and it has to be done from a military perspective, a whole government perspective, and from a national perspective. Time will tell if the Sino-Russian cooperation will go beyond political statements.

    “My first concern when folks mention Russia and China is vigilance.”- Gen. Tod D. Wolters

    We have to ensure that we see the battlespace better tomorrow than we did today. -” Gen. Tod D. Wolters

  • NATO at 80″: Alliance Navigating Disrupted Partnerships

    Contrary to common perception, NATO is as relevant as ever today and needs to modernize ifself. If the European pillar of NATO is stronger, NATO is stronger. Expanding European security capabilities is important to tackle asymmetric threats, hybrid and cyber threats, nonstate actors, and the challenge to stay united as the western community.

    “NATO at 80 will have new challenges, and the same goals, the same stability.” – H.E. Radmila Shekerinska

     “I am optimistic that the UK would stay militarily engaged in Europe.” [regarding Brexit] – H.E. Jacek Czaputowicz

    “NATO’s success is due to its adaptability. We are confronting ourselves with different threats and a 360 degrees approach is something we keep close to our hearts. NATO is focusing more and more on innovation, with a focus on allied command coordination.” – Amb. Tacan Ildem

    “When we are stronger here in the European pillar, we are a stronger NATO.” – Vice Admiral Joachim Rühle

  • European Strategic Autonomy: Which Muscles Should the EU Flex

    European strategic autonomy is significant since EU’s objectives need EU forces. But these capabilities are not aimed at competing with NATO, rather their objective is to contribute to the goals of NATO. The US needs to realize that they are not the global hegemon anymore. US and Europe need to sit down and define burden sharing.

    “The strategic missions of the EU are perfectly consistent with the core task of NATO. Autonomous space for EU is perfectly consistent with NATO. The maximum level ambition of EU is to run peace enforcements along NATO.” – Gen. Claudio Graziano

     “There is a muscle mess when you look at Europe – we do not have the right muscle developed and we do not have the capabilities to flex them.” – Anna Wieslander

    The EU defence cooperation has taken a more pragmatic turn that is the way we should continue to work. We cannot flex muscles if we do not have them.” – Olivier de France

    “It takes 20 years to get something done. (…) We (EU) should bring something new to the table now and fast. (…) It takes long and (EU) voters are not happy.” – Frank Haun

  • Security Architecture in the Middle East: Building on Sand?

    The future of warfare continues to race along the tracks of technological advancement, and the NATO Allies must be able to not only keep up but also foresee these developments in order to best tackle them and preserve peace in the future. NATO Allies must retain their advantage in flexibility, speed in innovation, and interoperability, in the domains of Artificial Intelligence, autonomy, big data analytics, and quantum computing. Developing military applications of civilian technology and methods to counter them is inevitable, as due to the proliferation of knowledge and technology our adversaries are doing so. The best option is to be as far ahead as possible, and retain military superiority through technological superiority. We must pick up the pace to make these improvements.

     

    “While the international community has done a good job tackling terrorism, we have not done enough in countering extremism.” – H.E. Anwar Mohammed Gargash

    “Historically, my country was not in favour of nuclear weapons. Can you get everybody at the table to talk about that?” – Nasser Judeh

    “Do not look at it [architecture of the ME] in the classical sense of NATO or the Pentagon, we live in an era with the primacy of domestic politics.” – Amb. Cameron Munter

    “There is also multiconceptual world – lack of hegemony, different future outlooks that have made its way to the core of the world vision of security in the MENA region.” – Mirek Dusek

  • Western Balkans: Drifting away from Europe?

    It is being said that the regional cooperation in the Western Balkan is decreasing, however, there is not plan B for Western Balkan countries in terms of their geopolitical direction. However, that does not mean that the EU should be not focused more on the region and provide better conditions for the countries than China or Russia. Bulgarian examples shows that even though the reforms hurt they were worth it and the results can be seen today. Enlargement is a win-win process and countries need to be convinced about that. Because without the Western Balkan membership, the EU will be not considered full.

    “I would have to invite the EU and NATO to do their job in our region.” – H. E. Milo Dukanovic

    “China is taking the space, the room, that Europe leaves empty.” – H. E. Milo Dukanovic

    “We are an unstable region and the instability is due to the intolerance in our region.” – H. E. Milo Dukanovic

    “We don’t have an alternative, but I think we need to stick to each other much stronger than it used to be.”  – H.E. Aleksandar Vucic

    “We [Balkans] can stay on our EU path, if you want us – take us, and if you don’t want us, we can take care of ourselves.” – H.E. Aleksandar Vucic

    “EU should not organize once every 15 years and meet all the leaders of the Balkans but should continue to support the integration of western Balkans.” – H.E. Ekaterina Zaharieva

    “We need to improve our institutions to develop sustainably to be in line with the EU path.” – Majlinda Bregu

  • Partners, Competitors and Rivals: The Future of Global Order

    The future of global order has a myriad of moving factors and influences, but general consensus is that we are unlike to see the fall of US leadership any time soon. The forces of trade, nationalism, globalisation, national security, and technological advancement are all challenges within the current order, but as the potential exists to revise the system itself, it is unlikely it will be overthrown. The will to overthrown the system can only be found in Russia, as China is actually one of the biggest winners of the current system and is not interested in discarding it. Once institutions and regulation regarding new technology are updated to fit the changing world, the system may very well settle back down. This process of renegotiation however is the political and cooperative challenge of our time.

    “We share with Europe values which we don’t share with Russia and China” – Ambassador Gordon Sondland.

    “International order is in peril, and some international organizations are falling apart” – Hongjun Yu

    “Europe will be never be a centre of the world, let‘s be realistic.” – Martina Larkin

    “We need to demonstrate that liberal democracy Is not only most virtuous but also most effective.” – Bobo Lo

    “Problem with American exceptionalism is that it encourages exceptionalism of another world powers.” – Bobo Lo 

  • Korean Peninsula: Keeping the Train on Track

    H. E. Kang Kyung-Wha, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Korea, discussed the current state of denuclearisation negotiations on the Korean Peninsula. While the process may have stalled after the Hanoi summit where the US and North Korea failed to reach an agreement, there has been significant understanding on both sides after the summit. South Korea is committed to a complete denuclearisation on the Korean Peninsula and wants to take a comprehensive approach towards the negotiations. Accepting North Korea‘s defiance of NPT would undermine the entire global security regime.

  • End of DAY 2

DAY 1GLOBSEC 2019
[ June 6, 2019 by Team Globsec 0 Comments ]

LIVE FEED: DAY 1

  • Opening DAY 1
  • Globsec Talks: The EU in Global Crisis of Leadership, by Garton Ash.

    The world is facing various challenges. Mr. Garton Ash particularly highlighted the multipolar or no polar world order featured by rise of so-called private superpowers, where habits of collaboration and peaceful conflict resolution are missing from traditional political stakeholders. Secondly, cold war between USA and China characterized by global multidimensional competition. And third dimension refers to a new one, as Mr Garton Ash put it: “This is the first period when human kind is threating life on its own planet”. This dimension is featured with new threats including but not limited to climate change, digital revolution and utilization of AI. The crisis in which the world is today should be addressed with a long-term strategy, where the EU plays a major role. The EU is not an option, rather a necessity. Mr Garton Ash stresses that:

    We need EU to defend our values, interests and shared way of life; we need it for ourselves in Europe to explain to next generation what the EU is for. Europe needs to discover its new story.”

  • GLOBSEC Talk: Can We Reverse Climate Change?

    The climate is very well understood. We know that biodiversity, biomass, and accumulated organic matter are the basis of the oxygenated atmosphere, freshwater system, soil fertility, and biodiversity. We have to take large-scale action based on what we know. It is not that difficult, we are just not focused on it. We must shift our exisiting paradigms, and commit to the rejuvenation of our land on a global scale. Yes it is still possible to reverse climate change.

  • “Sustaining political Islam was the solution for prevention of violent extremism.”

    – Emmanuel Dupuy

  • Fuel to the Fire: Weaponising Islam in Europe
    The threat of political Islam is being perpetuated due to the political agenda of certain countries. Many European Muslims choose to join groups like ISIS because of perceived disenfranchisement. More needs to be done to support credible moderate voices within Islam and help sustain political Islam to effectively counter violent extremism.

  • Globsec CHAT: The Spirit of Sibiu

    The main goal for Romania was to chair the Council as an honest broker, without any side-interest pushed by itself or other member states. In that respect, Mr. Ciamba considers the Romanian presidency a huge success. He also emphasizes that the main message of the Romanian presidency is obvious – to bring back the political cohesion on the top of the agenda,

    “because cohesion means solidarity, means unity and that we stand together against discrimination”.
    H.E. George Ciamba

    Romania aspires to unite the EU member states to be able to do compromises. Other success can be found mainly in the adopted legislation concerning coast guard expansion or delivering own toolbox for future action. 

  • Tackling Climate Crisis: The Business Case

    The climate crisis must be tackled by all aspects of society around the globe. The problem requires collective action and different values to be incorporated into existing system, or a different system altogether and a complete paradigm shift. The sectors of energy, agricultre, infrastructure, and transportation are the most crucial for converting to zero-carbon emissions. In order to achieve this, we must recognise the urgency of the problem. A strong leadership with vision, institutions that translate vision into action, resources, both human and financial, are needed to facilitate the transition and to bring together short- and long-term goals. We must adopt the norms of a low carbon lifestyle, and empower leaders to move us in the right direction. Lastly, we must build trust, leave cynisicm at the door, and believe mindset change is happening in unexpected places, even in the C-suite.

  • Diplomacy for the Post-Rule World

    The OSCE provides value to its member states by providing tools for cooperation but it can not subsitute for lack of political will. It may seem that the states are trying to move beyond the rules framework of the international order, but in reality states want more rules because they are struggling with this disrupted world. International law applies to cyber space but the problem is that for incidents that do not meet the threshold of active conflict there are very few rules.

    “The weakening of those who has been traditionally leading leads to the promotion of organisations are weakened.”- Greminger

    “Business interests have tendency to be much more global than political interests.” – Frank

    “States are facing the whole new world trying to come to the terms, seeking for new rules.” – Grigas

    “There will be different rules for different states, until world will move to better rules.” – Grigas

  • GLOBSEC Talk: Future of War: Still a Human Affair?

    The future of warfare continues to race along the tracks of technological advancement, and the NATO Allies must be able to not only keep up but also foresee these developments in order to best tackle them and preserve peace in the future. NATO Allies must retain their advantage in flexibility, speed in innovation, and interoperability, in the domains of Artificial Intelligence, autonomy, big data analytics, and quantum computing. Developing military applications of civilian technology and methods to counter them is inevitable, as due to the proliferation of knowledge and technology our adversaries are doing so. The best option is to be as far ahead as possible, and retain military superiority through technological superiority. We must pick up the pace to make these improvements.

    “Cyber offense and cyber defence are misleading, we need to focus on cyber intelligence and cyber security.”

    “Sharing of information in the area of big data is a must, not an option. The sharing of information is what make you stronger in the era of big data.”

  • Cloak & Dagger: Enhancing the Resilience of Our Societies

    The nature of threats has evolved to a point where a few milligrams of chemical agents can kill dozens of people within seconds. At the same time, fake news is the sort of threat that can disrupt citizens‘ lives through the internet of things or increasing vaccines hesistency. The only way to meet these challenges is for states and civil society to proactively be running informations campaigns on social media where this misinformation is being perpetuated.

    “Fake news about chemical weapons can undermine organisations” – Gonzáles

     “In terms of health care there are 10 main threats, including climate change, ebola, and vaccination hesitancy” – Schiever

    “The challenge of the world is that technology came first and regulations came second.” – Abel

    “Most often-used tactic in terms of spreading disinformation is not to convince a particular audience, it is rather to confuse the audience.” – Milo

  • End of DAY 1